Transliteration Standards of The SBL Handbook of Style

 

You will need the SIL Gentium font for the Greek characters on this page, the SBL Hebrew font for the Hebrew characters and the Doulos SIL font for the transliteration. All are Unicode fonts.

Note: 1) Where two forms are provide for the same letter the second is that used when the letter is the last one in a word.

2) The letter ב (bêt) is used to show the placement of Hebrew vowel pointing (but, of course, is not part of the actual pointing itself).

3) See The SBL Handbook of Style for further guidance on transliteration.

[Copy Center (for cut and paste of more difficult characters): ʾ ʿ ḥ ṭ ṣ ś š ā â ă ē ê ĕ ī ō ô ŏ ū û ]

[Copy center, using SPAtlantis font: ) ( h9 t[ s9 s8 s] a= a4 a6 e4 e6 e= |< |3 o4 o6 o= u4 u= ]

 

 

Greek

 

Hebrew

 

 

 

 

Consonants

 

α

a

 

א

ʾālep

ʾ

β

b

 

ב

bêt

b

γ

g (n before γ, κ, ξ, or χ)

 

ג

gîmel

g

δ

d

 

ד

dālet

d

ε

e

 

ה

hê

h

ζ

z

 

ו

wāw

w

η

 

ז

zayin

z

θ

th

 

ח

ḥêt

ι

i

 

ט

ṭêt

κ

k

 

י

yôd

y

λ

l

 

ך כ

kāp

k

μ

m

 

ל

lāmed

l

ν

n

 

ם מ

mêm

m

ξ

x

 

ן נ

nûn

n

ο

o

 

ס

sāmek

s

π

p

 

ע

ʿayin

ʿ

ρ

r

 

ף פ

pê

p

rh

 

ץ צ

ṣādê

σ ς

s

 

ק

qôp

q

τ

t

 

ר

rêš

r

υ

y (u in diphthongs: au, eu, ēu, ou, ui)

 

שׂ

śîn

φ

ph

 

שׁ

šîn

χ

ch

 

ת

tāw

t

ψ

ps

 

Vowels

ω

ō

 

בַ

pataḥ

a

h (with vowel or diphthong)

 

בַ

furtive pataḥ

a

 

 

 

בָ

qāmeṣ

 

 

 

בָה

final qāmeṣ hê

 

 

 

בָיו

3rd masc. sg. suf.

āyw

 

 

 

בֶ

sĕgōl

e

 

 

 

בֵ

ṣērê

 

 

 

בֵי

ṣērê yôd

(בֵיּ = êy)

 

 

 

בֶי

sĕgōl yôd

(בֶיּ = êy)

 

 

 

בִ

short ḥîreq

i

 

 

 

בִ

long ḥîreq

ī

 

 

 

בִי

ḥîreq yôd

î

 

 

 

בָ

qāmeṣ ḥāṭûp

o

 

 

 

בֹ

ḥōlem

 

 

 

וֹ

full ḥōlem

 

 

 

בֻ

short qibbûṣ

u

 

 

 

בֻ

long qibbûṣ

 

 

 

וּ

šûreq

 

 

 

בֳ

ḥāṭēp qāmeṣ

 

 

 

בֲ

ḥāṭēp pataḥ

 

 

 

בֱ

ḥāṭēp sĕgŏl

 

 

 

בְ

vocal šĕwă